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Inferior nasal turbinates are located inside your nose on either side of your nasal septum. They are bone covered with erectile soft tissue that helps create turbulence inside the nose to warm, purify and humidify the air that we breathe. The soft tissue covering expands and contracts which can give you the sensation of congestion and clear breathing, respectively.
When the delicate soft tissue covering the inferior nasal turbinate gets irritated it will swell and can block airflow inside the nose. When this becomes chronic then the inferior turbinates can grow to a size where the airflow is obstructed much or all of the time inside the nose.
There are many conditions that can obstruct airflow in the nose. A deviated septum or enlarged inferior turbinates are two of the more common causes. You may also have nasal valve collapse which is an extreme narrowing of the already narrow areas inside the nose. Nasal polyps can block airflow as well.
Viral and bacterial infections including sinusitis can cause severe nasal congestion. Allergies cause the nose to swell also blocking breathing. Rare causes include tumors or autoimmune disorders. Your otolaryngologist can look inside your nose and let you know what is causing your congestion.
Some of the symptoms of nasal turbinate hypertrophy include:
Common risk factors of nasal turbinate hypertrophy include:
Avoiding anything you are allergic to or taking antihistamines like Claritin may help reduce nasal congestion caused by allergies. Saline rinses can wash out dust and mucous from the nose that may make your breathing better. Discontinuing medications that cause nasal congestion can help you breathe better as well. Decongestant pills or sprays can open the nose but may cause increased blood pressure or rebound congestion. Nasal steroids can also decrease swelling inside of the nose. Montelukast sprays can improve nasal congestion, as well.
Dr. Moustafa Mourad is an expert in all types of nasal surgery and inferior turbinate reduction. An evaluation at our upper east side practice will let you know what is obstructing your nose and what can be done to improve your airway. Dr. Mourad will take a comprehensive history and perform an examination of your head and neck that involves a thorough examination of the inside of your nose and throat.